The Consolations Of Philosophy Alain De Botton Pdf To Jpg

The consolations of philosophy alain de botton pdf to jpg

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Download EBOOK The Consolations of Philosophy by Alain de Botton Online free

The Consolations of Philosophy Quotes Showing of We suffer because we cannot spontaneously master the ingredients of fulfilment. Christians had wished to enjoy the real ingredients of fulfilment a position in the world, sex, intellectual mastery, creativity but did not have the courage to endure the difficulties these goods demanded.

They had therefore fashioned a hypocritical creed denouncing what they wanted but were too weak to fight for while praising what they did not want but happened to have. And it has succeeded. We work merely to fill the memory, leaving the understanding and the sense of right and wrong empty.

The Consolations of Philosophy

Because no one is able to produce a great work of art without experience, nor achieve a worldly position immediately, nor be a great lover at the first attempt; and in the interval between initial failure and subsequent success, in the gap between who we wish one day to be and who we are at present, must come pain, anxiety, envy and humiliation.

We suffer because we cannot spontaneously master the ingredients of fulfillment.

The consolations of philosophy alain de botton pdf to jpg

Nietzsche was striving to correct the belief that fulfillment must come easily or not at all, a belief ruinous in its effects, for it leads us to withdraw prematurely from challenges that might have been overcome if only we had been prepared for the savagery legitimately demanded by almost everything valuable.

Not everything which hurts may be bad.

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There may be no good reason for things to be the way they are. Artists and philosophers not only show us what we have felt, they present our experiences more poignantly and intelligently than we have been able; they give shape to aspects of our lives that we recognise as our own, yet could never have understood so clearly on our own. They explain our condition to us, and thereby help us to be less lonely with, and confused by it.

After the offspring have consumed the nourishment and have turned into the chrysalis stage, they enter into life merely to begin the same task again from the beginning … we cannot help but ask what comes of all of this … there is nothing to show but the satisfaction of hunger and sexual passion, and … a little momentary gratification … now and then, between … endless needs and exertions.

The consolations of philosophy alain de botton pdf to jpg

The philosopher did not have to spell out the parallels. We should therefore divert our attention away from the presence of unpopularity to the explanations for it.

The consolations of philosophy alain de botton pdf to jpg

It may be frightening to hear that a high proportion of a community holds us to be wrong, but before abandoning our position, we should consider the method by which their conclusions have been reached. It is the soundness of their method of thinking that should determine the weight we give to their disapproval.

We seem afflicted by the opposite tendency: to listen to everyone, to be upset by every unkind word and sarcastic observation.

Alain de Botton

We fail to ask ourselves the cardinal and most consoling question: on what basis has this dark censure been made? We treat with equal seriousness the objections of the critic who has thought rigorously and honestly and those of the critic who has acted out of misanthropy and envy.

The consolations of philosophy alain de botton pdf to jpg

If you decide for the former and desire to diminish and lower the level of human pain, you also have to diminish and lower the level of their capacity for joy. Every pain is an indistinct signal that something is wrong, which may engender either a good or bad result depending on the sagacity and strength of mind of the sufferer.

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Anxiety may precipitate panic, or an accurate analysis of what is amiss. A sense of injustice may lead to murder, or to a ground-breaking work of economic theory.

Envy may lead to bitterness, or to a decision to compete with a rival and the production of a masterpiece. They force us to fart and burp, and to abandon sensible plans in order to lie in bed with people, sweating and letting out intense sounds reminiscent of coyotes calling out to one another across the barren wastes of the American deserts.

Our bodies hold our minds hostage to their whims and rhythms.

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Rather than trying to cut ourselves in two, we should cease waging civil war on our perplexing physical envelopes and learn to accept them as unalterable facts of our condition; neither so terrible, nor so humiliating. A virtuous, ordinary life, striving for wisdom but never far from folly, is achievement enough.

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Boethius’s Consolation of Philosophy

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