Quantitative research methods describe and measure the level of occurrences on the basis of numbers and calculations.
Accordingly, quantitative data collection methods are based on numbers and mathematical calculations.
In other words, quantitative studies mainly examine relationships between numerically measured variables with the application of statistical techniques. Quantitative data collection methods are based on random sampling and structured data collection instruments.
Findings of quantitative studies are usually easy to present, summarize, compare and generalize. Qualitative studies , on the contrary, are usually based on non-random sampling methods and use non-quantifiable data such as words, feelings, emotions ect.
Formulating a Research Problem
The table below illustrates the main differences between qualitative and quantitative data collection and research methods:. Main differences between quantitative and qualitative methods. The most popular quantitative data collection methods are closed-ended questionnaires, experiments, correlation and regression analysis methods and others.
The e-book explains all stages of the research process starting from the selection of the research area to writing personal reflection. Important elements of dissertations such as research philosophy, research approach, research design, methods of data collection and data analysis are explained in simple words. John Dudovskiy.
Main menu Skip to primary content. Skip to secondary content. Join Our Newsletter.