Peru is a country in South America. The capital is Lima. Peru is bordered to the north by Ecuador and Colombia , to the east by Brazil , to the south by Chile , and to the southeast by Bolivia.
Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions and over 33 million people live in it. Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in Peru suffered a terrible guerrilla war in the s.
The communist Maoist Shining Path tried to take over the country. But after the leader of the group was captured in , Shining Path was not a threat anymore. During the s , it was ruled by President Alberto Fujimori. During this time, the economy of Peru got better, and it became easier to start a company or operate a business.
North macroregion, Peru
After Fujimori, Alejandro Toledo was elected President, and then Alan Garcia, who was President from to , was elected again in Peru's most important exports , products that it sells to other countries, are fish, gold and other metals, oil, coffee, sugar, and cotton. Also, the food in Peru is very diverse, including typical dishes like Ceviche and Broiled Chicken.
Tourists from other countries like to come to Peru because of the history and also to enjoy nature. Many people come to climb mountains in the Cordillera Blanca in the Ancash Region , and many people visit Peru's long Pacific coast or the Amazon jungle.
Cuzco and Macchu Picchu are just two of the places where many buildings built by the Incas are still standing after hundreds of years, and these are some of the most visited places. The Incas were not the only tribe in Peru who left buildings and artifacts, but they were the most powerful. Peru is divided into 25 regions of Peru regions. Lima is the capital and other main regions are Cuzco, Arequipa and Lambayeque. In the Amazon jungle region, we can find many important rivers and different animals, plants and people of many indigenous cultures.
The population of Peru is apprx. The ethnic composition of Peru is like the following:.
Peru Economic Outlook
About Peru was the home of the Inca Empire. The Incas were a well-organized Indian civilization that began the city of Cuzco now called Cusco.
The Inca forced the people to work for the king for a certain number of days every year. They used this "work tax" to build roads and terraces on the sides of the mountains to grow crops, and huge cities with rich palaces for the rulers and their queens.
Records were kept on quipa, knotted ropes, since the Incas never invented writing. These could be quickly sent anywhere in the empire by a series of relay runners set up along the roads. Heavier loads were sent by llamas , the pack animals of the Andes. The Spanish wanted that treasure when they discovered the nation in the s.
Macro regions del peru pdf download
Francisco Pizarro, a Spanish man, kidnapped and killed the Inca ruler in , even after his people paid a huge amount of treasure for his release. The Incas fought the Spanish for many years, but the last Inca king was killed in Peru was a Spanish colony until Spanish is still the main language of the people, although many also speak Quechua, the Inca language.
Peru, its geography, departments, districts and more (Video 2)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Republic of Peru. National seal :.
A MANDATE TO GROW
Quechua , Aymara and other indigenous languages are co-official in the areas where they predominate. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved May 23, World Bank. Retrieved March 2, United Nations. Retrieved November 5, Buskey, Theresa.
Alpha Omega Publications. Countries and territories of South America. Categories : Peru Spanish-speaking countries. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history.
Peru Economic Growth
Congress President Daniel Salaverry. Nuevo sol PEN.
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