The invention pertains to the field of organic solvents.
More particularly, the invention pertains to adding a combination of terpene alcohols to volatile organic compounds to increase their flash points and expand the uses for which these volatile solvents can be used.
Organic solvents, such as acetone, xylene, ketones, aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benzene, esters, aliphatic hydrocarbons and ethers are widely used as additives for industrial and commercial purposes. Due to the high volatility of these compounds, their uses are regulated by many countries' governmental agencies.
Obviously, the more flammable a solvent, the more restrictions exist on its use. Further, manufacturers that utilize solvents must handle the more flammable liquids more carefully and have to address issues involving atmospheric volatility and worker health concerns due to excessive exposure to these chemicals. If these solvents can be modified so that their flash points can be increased, this would result in significantly more uses for these compounds as well as increasing their shelf lives.
It is desirable therefore to increase the flash point of a variety of solvents without substantially increasing the cost of the solvent while maintaining the solvent and its utility and effectiveness for its purpose. It is known that terpene alcohols can be added to volatile organic solvents to increase the flash points of these solvents. Many terpene alcohols have the chemical formula: C10H18O.
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Terpenoid is the general name given to this class of compounds which are characterized by a repeating carbon skeleton of isoprene. Terpenoids are derived from plants, trees, flowers and other vegetation.
They come in the form of liquids, solids, waxes, oils and alcohols. Terpenoids are divided into groups determined by the number of carbon atoms and repeating isoprene units.
They may be formed as acyclic, monocyclic or polycyclic structures.
Terpene alcohols in various forms have been used for centuries in fragrances due to their compatibility with other compounds and their minimal negative environmental impact. The flavor and fragrance industries divide terpineols, which are a type of terpene alcohol, into Alpha-, Beta- or Gamma-Terpineols, with Beta-Terpineol being non-naturally occurring. Terpene alcohols have been used for other purposes, such as disinfectants, cleaning compounds, soaps, cosmetics and colognes.
They are also known to add, enhance or mask the odor of products which perhaps might be offensive to humans or animals. This is a costly method to raise flash points.
The excessive loading of a single alpha terpineol results in paint and adhesive formulation problems from incompatibility with some key resins particularly during film formation and drying. The Acetone evaporates, leaving the heavy loading of terpineol behind. The terpineol acts as a diluent, phase separates, forming under the film, within the film, and upon the surface. The result for fast drying lacquers, vinyls, and similar coatings was complete rejection of the coating by the substrate.
After days of drying time the stressed films lifted and floated, having no adhesion or bond strength. Vinyls heavily loaded with terpineol perform the worst, because they are in solution and exhibit a low mole wt. As soon as the Acetone evaporates 15 min , the film becomes stressed due to the higher mole wt. In this instance, a heavy loading of terpineol acts like a parting agent or wax thus preventing adhesion of the film to the substrate.
The flash points of volatile organic compounds are raised by using a minimal amount of terpene alcohols to allow the blended compound to have a higher flash point. This is achieved by using a low concentration of two or more terpene alcohols.
This permits more uses for the VOC than would otherwise be expected based on their pure flash point. By adding only from about 0. From about 0.
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It has been discovered that lower amounts of terpene alcohols added actually improves the performance of the resulting compound in contrast to adding a significantly higher amount of terpene alcohols.
An added benefit is that since terpene alcohols can be expensive, the less used, the less expensive is the ultimate compound. Examples of terpene alcohols include geraniol, citronellol, nerol, menthol, nerolidol and farnesol.
These compounds can be acquired from manufacturers such as Flavors and Fragrances, Inc. Other compounds that can be used with this invention include acetates and esters. For example, these combination compounds can now successfully be used for expanded uses in the following industries.
TSB offers a choice of solvent blends which determines paint appearance and dry time.
TSB solubilizes and evaporates from the applied paint, reducing dry time and service restoration. TSB permits safe application of formerly explosive, flammable, exempt-voc solvents. TSB permits cleaning of machined or polished press parts to remove inks without abrasive damage. TSB is used to prepare surfaces and render them clean prior to adhesive application.
TSB may be used during processing, synthesis and extraction of chemicals or ingredients.
TSB may be used in the inks for logos or trade name identification of tablets or capsules. TSB may be used for printing and labeling of containers and cartons and in the packaging of product. TSB may be used for blending pesticides such as insecticides like Chloropyrofos into vehicles for application.
TSB can be used as a cleaner of electrical parts, contacts, and hardware used in the electrical industry. TSB may be used as a safety cleaner, flux remover, etc.
TSB is an excellent oil and contact cleaner since it evaporates leaving no residual contamination. TSB may be used for the preparation, cleaning and assembly of precision aerospace parts and assemblies.
TSB may be used to clean machine oils, excessive lubricants, human fingerprints, etc. TSB provides convenience and eliminates finger contact via aerosol spray cleaners, leaving no residual. TSB may be used to provide safe, water soluble, biodegradable cleaners for cleaning tanker holds.
With respect to bilge and hold cleaning the tanker holds from varied wax solids is a significant problem. For example, U. Navy fuel tankers have a constant problem which requires arduous cleaning and strict attention to the safe removal of residual fuel or oil.
The clean out process may be achieved by either using TSB blends with water pressure or eliminating water entirely and thus recycling the residual for fuel. The following VOC compounds were formulated according to the invention and compared to the original flash point of the solvent. Each of the test results shown are an average of 3 individual tests.
IFF A Jax 1. As can be seen from the foregoing data, the combination of two terpineols produced a higher flash point than did those combinations using only a single terpene alcohol.
As can be seen from the foregoing data, with only one exception, the combination of two terpineols produced a higher flash point than did those combinations using only a single terpene alcohol.
Flash Points of Common Flammable Substances
As can be seen from the foregoing data, the combination of two terpineols produced a higher flash point, or in one sample, the same, than did those combinations using only a single terpene alcohol.
Ingredients Pounds Gallons Vendor Acetone 1 Millennium Terpineol, 1. Formulation Properties.
Bulk Density 7. VOC 1. However, surprisingly, by combining these two solvents, the final formulation has moved from what would have been a Class I compound to become a Class II compound. By increasing the flash point of the final composition, an expanded variety of uses, including shipping restrictions and storage requirements, as shown above, are now available to solvents that would have been previously and, in some cases, still exempt due to their high volatilities.
Accordingly, it is to be understood that the embodiments of the invention herein described are merely illustrative of the application of the principles of the invention. Reference herein to details of the illustrated embodiments is not intended to limit the scope of the claims, which themselves recite those features regarded as essential to the invention.
Effective date : Year of fee payment : 4. Year of fee payment : 8. The flash points of volatile organic compounds are raised by using from about 0. In contrast to heavier loadings, the lower loading of two or more terpene alcohols to a VOC has been found to increase the range of uses for such compounds and as well as increasing the shelf life of the VOC.
Paints, Coatings and Finishes.
TSB permits high-solids coatings for thick barrier protection. Printing Inks, Printing Press Maintenance. TSB more readily adjusts the printing ink viscosity and drying time. TSB provides emissions compliance and safer use.
Adhesives a. TSB is often used to soften or remove adhesives without damaging the surfaces. TSB facilitates adjustment for spray efficiency and even film application.
Food and Drink Industry. TSB may be used to process oils and flavorings into foods. TSB may be commonly used to add flavor and essences to liquids and foods.
TSB may be used in inks, and paints for labeling. TSB may be used for inks and adhesives in packaging cartons, containers. Personal Care Products. TSB may be used in hairspray and cosmetics.
stupid ?: what are some common examples of a high flash solvent?
TSB may be used for fingernail polish and fingernail polish remover. TSB may be used in specialty formulas of antiseptics.
Know More Risk: Low Flashpoint Liquids
Transportation Industry. Aircraft, Watercraft, and Automotive cleaners and degreasers. Windshield deicers, cleaners.