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Questão 01 - Agente de Combate a Endemias - Dengue
Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal da Bahia. Epidemiology of the Leishmaniasis in Brazil.
The existence of a number of different species of Leishmania, the persistent increase in the infection rate of diseases caused by this parasite both tegumentary and visceral forms of the disease , the different epidemiological status of regions where settlement has been long established or is more recent, and the trend towards urbanization have led to the adoption of different strategies for the control of leishmaniasis in Brazil. The current status of American tegumentary leishmaniasis ATL and American visceral leishmaniasis AVL was evaluated in the municipalities based on the records of the Health and Sanitation Department of the Ministry of Health, and the perspectives for controlling these diseases were assessed.
The northern region has The central-west of the country is the region with the second highest IC, with a mean of In the other regions the south and south-east of the country there was a low incidence of the disease.
Children up to ten years of age are most affected by the disease The incidence of the disease is higher in males. Epidemiological data for the past ten years show the peri-urbanization and urbanization of AVL in this country.
The perspectives for controlling the spread of the disease are complex, comprising efforts within communities, education, provision of information and promotion of health.
Efforts should be specific, depending on the epidemiological status of each region. Data on the number of suspected cases, diagnosis and early treatment, identification of the causative agent, identification of the areas of transmission and efforts aimed at reducing the contacts between man and vector are specific preventive measures that should be implemented. Salvador, BA, Brasil.
Costa JML Epidemiologia das leishmanioses